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Forest NSW Annual Report 2012

Softwood plantation to product – structural timber In 2011–12, Forests NSW delivered around 2.1 million m3 of softwood Softwood sawn timber is primarily used in structural applications in the plantation sawlogs. Using these logs, Forests NSW customers produced construction of houses. A significant proportion of softwood timber is treated around 1 million of the 4 million m3 of softwood sawn timber consumed in to improve its durability. More recently the industry has been employing a Australia each year1. new generation of treatment chemicals. An example of this is Hyne Timber’s T3 treated sawn timber products produced in Tumbarumba NSW. 1 BIS Shrapnel 2012, Sawn Timber In Australia 2012–2026. 1. Softwood plantation management 2. Harvest and haulage 3. Processing 4. Timber product 5. Consumer ■■ Sustainably manage softwood ■■ Forests NSW manages ■■ Higher quality large logs are ■■ Softwood structural timber ■■ Structural timber products plantations for the supply contractors to undertake delivered to large scale, highly produced - the primary purchased by consumers of log products used in the tree harvesting (tree felling automated sawmills. Logs mechanical graded pine (MGP) for use in is a vast range production of structural and log extraction) and are weighed and sorted into products sold in Australia are of applications including sawn timber, plywood, paper, log haulage (delivery to stockpiles based on length MGP10 and MGP12. Under the internal and external house particleboard and medium timber processing sites) to and diameter relevant Australian Standards, framing, pergolas, decks, density fibreboard ensure compliance with the ■■ Logs are debarked and MGP 10 and 12 have garages and carports ■■ The plantations are primarily harvesting operational plan individually scanned to prescribed minimum bending Pinus radiata, an introduced and regulations determine an optimal cutting strength characteristics pine species originating from ■■ The harvesting plan provides pattern to generate the ■■ Products sold by processors to California, USA clear, concise instructions for highest value return from timber merchants and frame ■■ Forest NSW plantations are harvesting contractors that log and truss plants managed on a 35 year cycle ■■ A mechanised harvester fells, ■■ Sawlogs are then sawn by ■■ Frame and truss plants (or rotation) with the aim debranches and cuts the high speed band saws that remanufacture sawn timber of maximising the volume trees into different lengths cut the logs into different into wall and floor frames and of large diameter sawlogs. obtaining sawlog and pulp dimensions to optimise value. roof trusses Trees are thinned at 13 to 16 products. The tree heads The sawn timber is then years and then again at 20 to and branches are left to graded into bins based on Sawlog product mix from softwood 25 years before final harvest decompose in the forest length and end section (that plantation 2011–122 (clearfall) at 30 to 35 years. ■■ A forwarder sorts the different is, the dimensions of the sawn Thinning operations increase products into piles and product) and are then kiln the growth of the largest, best stockpiles them along the dried formed trees by removing forest road – marked by ■■ Timber passes through the dry smaller, low quality trees product, grade, felling time, mill where it is mechanically during the rotation sales information and site graded into different structural ■■ In managing the plantations, identification strength categories and Forests NSW undertakes tree ■■ Truck based loaders and then planed to consistent propagation, tree planting, forwarders load logs onto dimensions weed control, fertilisation, specifically designed log ■■ Some of the sawn timber roading, fire suppression haulage vehicles. Logs are is treated with preservative and harvest and haulage secured to the load by chains to improve its resistance operations and straps to ensure they to deterioration due to ■■ These operations include remain secure during haulage weathering and insect or a site specific operational ■■ Hauled and delivered to fungal attacks House framing 70% Fencing/landscape 5% plan which address’s legal Forests NSW customers for requirements and on processing - customers pay Joinery/furniture 2% Other preservation 6% ground instructions, a map for the cost of harvesting and Decking/panelling 7% Unseasoned 8% highlighting features such delivering the timber and a as soil and water, drainage, royalty for the value of the Floorboards/bearers/joists 2% cultural heritage values and a timber safety management plan 2 URS Forestry, Timber Market Survey 2012. 42 Forests NSW Annual Report 2011–12 Social, Environmental and Economic Performance


Forest NSW Annual Report 2012
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