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Forest NSW Annual Report 2012

Native forest to product – poles, piles and girders In 2011–12, Forests NSW sold 49963 m3 of poles, piles and girders from applications including utility service poles (‘power poles’), pole frame native forests and hardwood plantations, but what exactly are they? homes, foundation supports for wharves, boardwalks and buildings Poles, piles and girders are generally round timber, supplied in log form (piles) and support beams in bridges (girders). (not sawn). These products require very little processing and make the best use of They are high value products and are mainly used for structural the tree’s density and strength characteristics. 1. Forest management 2. Harvest and haulage 3. Processing 4. Timber product 5. Consumer ■■ Sustainably manage native ■■ Before any trees are felled, ■■ Poles are racked up for air ■■ Timber utility poles produced ■■ Power and other utilities forests and hardwood Forests NSW marks trees to seasoning for around two to ■■ Sold by processors and delivered via timber poles to plantations to international be retained or removed and four months delivered to utility service (for people of NSW and beyond standards, for the supply of identifies harvesting exclusion ■■ Poles placed into treatment example, electricity supply, timber products - engineering zones cylinders – the sapwood telecommunication) providers and construction timbers, ■■ Forests NSW manages (the outer annulus) is treated in NSW and other states paper products particleboard, decorative uses harvesting (tree felling and log high pressure and vacuum ■■ to customers overseasPoles also sold and exportedwith preservative undercontractors to undertake tree ■■ Market and deliver timber extraction) and log haulage conditions including to New Zealand, with 20-year Wood Supply (delivery to timber processing ■■ The treated sapwood provides the Pacific Islands and the Agreements (contracts) in sites) to ensure compliance a protective outer barrier to Philippines place with major customers with the harvesting plan and the (inner) heartwood of the ■■ Plan and manage forestry regulations pole, improving durability operations including planting ■■ Mix of timber products are against fungal decay and and regeneration, timber normally harvested in the one termite attack harvesting, road construction operation ■■ Poles are finished to meet and maintenance and fire ■■ Trees felled using chainsaws or customer requirements, that is management mechanised harvesters, head capped, identity tagged with ■■ Schedule harvesting and limbs of tree removed and information about the pole operations in native forests left to decompose in the forest (species, length, etc.) - determined by the time ■■ Bulldozer or skidder takes tree taken for forest areas to reach to log dump, bark removed by a minimum merchantable a timber processing machine volume. The interval between harvesting events varies with ■■ Logs sorted and graded into Here we track the species, site productivity timber products based on production chain of a and the type of harvesting species, size and quality – timber utility pole, all undertaken poles are selected from high the way from the forestquality, long, straight logs of a ■■ Prepare timber harvesting plans durable species to your street. that provide instructions about how to carry out harvesting ■■ Logs loaded onto log truck by There are more than operations to produce forest a timber processing machine. products and minimise impacts Logs are secured to the load 6.5 million hardwood on environmental and heritage by chains and straps poles in service in Australia today. They serve a range of purposes from values; specify measures ■■ Hauled and delivered to supporting overhead power lines and various other public utilities such as to comply with regulatory Forests NSW customers telephone cables, coaxial cable for cable TV, fibre optic cables and related requirements; include a for processing into poles - equipment such as transformers and street lights. safety plan, maps and site customers pay for the cost of specific information based on harvesting and delivering the Photo courtesy of Koppers Wood Products Pty Ltd. comprehensive pre-harvest timber and a royalty for the surveys value of the timber 40 Forests NSW Annual Report 2011–12 Social, Environmental and Economic Performance


Forest NSW Annual Report 2012
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